Business and Economics Foundation Programme

The Business and Economics foundation course is specifically designed for students willing to study Business Administration, Management, Marketing, Logistics and other relevant subjects.

Core modules

*additional modules may apply

Academic English and Terminology

Study Skills

Introcuction to Business

Introduction to Economics



Computer Science

Elective modules

*some modules can be compulsory for specific pathways

History and Political Science

Science and Law

Introduction to Psychology

Introduction to Sociology


Study Skills: Topics covered include: Learning Styles, Reading Skills, Writing Skills, Building Research Skills, Essays, Reports, Oral and Poster Presentations, Problem Solving Skills, Planning, Linking Ideas, Work Organization, Time Management, Independent and Team Working, Resources for Various Subject Areas, How to Find Information, Lectures and Taking Notes, Abbreviations, Critical Thinking, Writing Scientifically, Library and Research Skills, Case Study Activities etc.

Computer Science: Topics covered include: Principles of Computer Science, Introduction to Computer Architecture, Programming, Classification of Programming Languages, Data processing, Computer Software, System and Application Software Computer Hardware, Operating Systems, Functions of Operating Systems, Modern Operating Systems, Computer Networks, Data Communication, Network Topologies, Communication Protocols, Laboratory Sessions, Internet, Internet Applications, Multimedia Structure and Applications, Introduction to Virtual Reality etc.

MathematicsTopics covered include: Number Systems, Algebra, Polynomials, Factorisation, Indices, Logarithms, Vectors, Differentiation, Differentiation Applications, Partial Differentiation, Curves, Series, Integration, Reduction Formulae, Integration Applications, Multiple Integrals, First and Second Order Differential Equations, Statistical Principles etc.

Statistics: Topics covered include: Introduction to Statistics, Essential Statistical Concepts Mean, Variance, Standard Deviation, Median, Sample Size, Frequency Distribution and Graphs, Descriptive Statistics, Numerical and Graphical Methods, Summary Measures, Central Tendency, Dispersion, Skewness, Location, Probability, Discrete and Continuous Probability Distributions, Sampling, Estimators and Estimates, Intervals,  Confidence Intervals, Hypothesis Testing, Inference, Variance Analysis, Simple Linear Regression, Multiple Regression, Statistical Software Applications etc.

Introduction to Business / Introduction to Economics: Introduction to Microeconomics, Basic Principles of Economics. Supply and demand, Prices and Quantities, Market Equilibrium, Comparative Statistics, Economic Efficiency, Consumer Decisions, Consumer surplus, Aggregate Demand, Producer Decisions, Technology, Profit Maximisation, Cost Minimisation. Competition and Market Equilibrium. Comparative statics, Efficiency, Welfare. Theory of demand and production for the study of econometric applications, Business Economics, Decision making, Enterprise and Economic environment. Organisations and markets, Decision and Business Strategy, Functional areas, Production, Investment, Financing and Commercialization. Corporate Finances, Types of Companies, Limited Liability, Management of Organisations, Introduction to Macroeconomics, Production, Distribution, GDP, Economic Growth, Money and Inflation, Introduction to Business Law, Legal systems, Civil law and Common law, Legal issues of economic and business activity, Legal issues concerning property, Real Estate, Intellectual property, Contracts in general, Company law, Company Taxation, Private and Public International Law, Introduction to Financial Accounting, Balance sheet, Profit and Loss Account, Econometrics, Public Management, Marketing etc.

Introduction to Psychology: Topics covered include: Introduction to Psychology, History of Psychology, Research Methods in Psychology, Biological Basis of Behaviour, Principles of Learning, Learning From Experience, Intelligence, Memory, Consciousness, Variations in Consciousness, States of Consciousness, Sensation, Perception, Language and Thought, Language and Verbal Behaviour, Motivation, Emotion, Personality, Psychological Assessment, Social Psychology, Thinking, Stress, Coping with Stress, Psychological Disorders, Nature and Causes of Psychological Disorders, Treatment of Psychological Disorders etc.

Science and Law: Legal history, Law and the Process of Classification, The Legal System, Types of Legislation, Sources of Law, Civil Procedure, Constitutional law, Intellectual property, Cyber law, International law, Ethics, Legal Reasoning, Product liability, Common Law, Equity, Law-making Process, The Courts and Judicial Power, Contract Law, Classification of companies, Share capital and Dividends, International Law Theories and Approaches, International Relations Perspectives on International Law, Basics of the International Legal Order, International Law Creation, Compliance and Enforcement, Domestic Law, Human Rights Law, Environmental Law, International Economic Law, International Humanitarian Law, International Criminal Law, The Role of the Jury, Crime and Punishment, Government Surveillance and Control, Law as a Social System etc.

History and Political Science: 18th Century History, British History, History of Empire, Early Modern History, European History, History of British Heritage, Modern History, The History of Crime, The History of Gender, The History of War, Political Science Methods, Themes in Political Thought, Modern British Politics, Perspectives in World History, US History, Europe Historical Facts, Comparative Politics, Labour, Race and Gender, Total War in the Modern Era, Asia-Pacific International Relations, Modern East-West Encounters, Cold War, Issues in American Politics, International Relations, The Holocaust, Industrial Britain, European Union Politics, Globalisation, Governance, Media, Power and Politics in America, Marx and Marxism, The Second World War etc.